Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution refers to the one who lacks basic human needs, which commonly includes clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. About 1.7 billion people are estimated to live in absolute poverty today. Relative poverty refers to lacking a usual or socially acceptable level of resources or income as compared with others within a society or country.
PovertyEconomicsHumanitarian aidDevelopmentAidDevelopment economicsPovertyEconomic development
Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and psychological human development generally occurring between puberty and legal adulthood. The period of adolescence is most closely associated with the teenage years, although its physical, psychological and cultural expressions can begin earlier and end later.
Biologically, a child is generally a human between the stages of birth and puberty. Some vernacular definitions of a child include the fetus, as being an unborn child. The legal definition of "child" generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority.
The Israelites were a Hebrew-speaking people of the Ancient Near East, who inhabited the Land of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods (15th to 6th centuries BCE), later evolving into Jews and Samaritans of the classic period, inhabiting Judea and Samaria respectively. In Modern Hebrew usage, an Israelite is, broadly speaking, a lay member of the Jewish ethnoreligious community, as opposed to the priestly orders of Kohanim and Levites.
IsraelitesTribes of IsraelEthnonymsJewish historyAncient peoplesJewsSemitic peoples
A park is a protected area, in its natural or semi-natural state, or planted, and set aside for human recreation and enjoyment, or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. It may consist of rocks, soil, water, flora and fauna and grass areas. Many parks are legally protected by law. Wilderness parks are intact and undeveloped areas used mainly by wild species. Protected wilderness zones are required for some wild species to survive.
Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize; how this occurs is not well understood.
AutismPsychiatric diagnosisNeurological disorders in childrenLearning disabilitiesCommunication disordersMental and behavioural disordersAutismNeurological disordersPervasive developmental disorders
Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional mistreatment or neglect of a child or children. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Department for Children And Families (DCF) define child maltreatment as any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.
Child abuseCrimesChild abuseArticles with inconsistent citation formatsFamily therapy
Pediatrics (also known as paediatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician. The word pediatrics and its cognates mean healer of children; they derive from two Greek words: παῖς (pais = child) and ἰατρός (iatros = doctor or healer).
PediatricsChildhoodMedical specialtiesPediatricsMedical doctors by specialty
Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection. The major complaint by individuals who have arthritis is joint pain.
ArthritisRheumatologyArthritisGreek loanwordsSkeletal disordersInflammationsAging-associated diseases
Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings for the purposes of reproductive slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, or a modern-day form of slavery.
Human traffickingArticles with inconsistent citation formatsOrganized crime activityCrimes against humanitySlaveryChild labourHuman traffickingHuman rights abusesDebt bondageGlobalizationSex crimes
Child sexual abuse
Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Forms of child sexual abuse include asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities (regardless of the outcome), indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc. ) with intent to gratify their own sexual desires or to intimidate or groom the child, physical sexual contact with a child, or using a child to produce child pornography.
Child sexual abuseHuman sexualityChild sexual abuse in religious groupsChild sexual abuseChild abuseSex crimesSexual abuse
A confidence trick is an attempt to defraud a person or group by gaining their confidence. A confidence artist is an individual operating alone or in concert with others who exploits characteristics of the human psyche such as dishonesty and honesty, vanity, compassion, credulity, irresponsibility, naivety and greed.
Confidence trickDeceptionFraudConfidence tricks
"Nude" and "Naked" redirect here. For other uses, see Nude (disambiguation) and Naked (disambiguation). "Nudes" also redirects here. For the 2001 folk rock album, see Nudes (album). "Clothes free" redirects here. For the preference for nudity in non-sexualized social settings, see naturism. Nudity or nakedness is the state of wearing no clothing. The wearing of clothing is exclusively a human characteristic.
English as a foreign or second language
English as a second language (ESL), English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) and English as a foreign language (EFL) all refer to the use or study of English by speakers with different native languages. The precise usage, including the different use of the terms ESL and ESOL in different countries, is described below. These terms are most commonly used in relation to teaching and learning English, but they may also be used in relation to demographic information.
English as a foreign or second languageEducation by subjectEnglish-language educationEnglish as a foreign or second language
Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting for another and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities from the original parent or parents. Unlike guardianship or other systems designed for the care of the young, adoption is intended to effect a permanent change in status and as such requires societal recognition, either through legal or religious sanction.
AdoptionFamily lawAdoptionAdoption, fostering, orphan care and displacement
As a medical diagnosis, pedophilia, or paedophilia, is defined as a psychiatric disorder in adults or late adolescents (persons age 16 or older) typically characterized by a primary or exclusive sexual interest in prepubescent children (generally age 13 years or younger, though onset of puberty may vary). The prepubescent child must be at least five years younger than the adolescent before the attraction can be diagnosed as pedophilia.
Malnutrition is the condition that results from taking an unbalanced diet in which certain nutrients are lacking, in excess (too high an intake), or in the wrong proportions. A number of different nutrition disorders may arise, depending on which nutrients are under or overabundant in the diet. In most of the world, malnutrition is present in the form of undernutrition, which is caused by a diet lacking adequate calories and protein.
MalnutritionPublic healthHumanitarian aidNutritionPovertyMalnutrition
An infant (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the very young offspring of a human or other mammal. When applied to humans, the term is usually considered synonymous with baby, but the latter is commonly applied to the young of any animal. When a human child learns to walk, the term toddler may be used instead.
Reproduction (or procreation) is the biological process by which new "offspring" individual organisms are produced from their "parents". Reproduction is a fundamental feature of all known life; each individual organism exists as the result of reproduction. The known methods of reproduction are broadly grouped into two main types: sexual and asexual. In asexual reproduction, an individual can reproduce without involvement with another individual of that species.
Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is the forcing of undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another. When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as a sexual abuser or molester. The term also covers any behavior by any adult towards a child to stimulate either the adult or child sexually. When the victim is younger than the age of consent, it is referred to as child sexual abuse.
Sexual abuseSexual abuse
Aboriginal peoples in Canada
Aboriginal peoples in Canada comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis. The descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have largely fallen into disuse in Canada and are commonly considered pejorative. Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are some of the earliest sites of human habitation in Canada that archaeologists have found. The Paleo-Indian Clovis, Plano and Pre-Dorset cultures pre-date current Indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Aboriginal peoples in CanadaHunter-gatherers of CanadaHistory of CanadaHistory of indigenous peoples of North AmericaArticle Feedback BlacklistIndigenous peoples of North AmericaAboriginal peoples in CanadaEthnic groups in Canada
Minister of State
Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system. In some countries a "Minister of State" is a junior minister, who is assigned to assist a specific cabinet minister. In other countries a "Minister of State" is a holder of a more senior position, such as a cabinet minister or even a head of government.
Minister of StateGovernment ministersExecutive ministersLists of government ministers
Satanism is a group of religions composed of a diverse number of ideological and philosophical beliefs and social phenomena. Their shared features include symbolic association with, admiration for the character of, and even veneration of Satan or similar rebellious, promethean, and liberating figures. Satan, also called Lucifer by many Christians, appears in the Books of Chronicles provoking David to take a census of Israel.
A twin is one of two offspring produced in the same pregnancy. Twins can either be monozygotic ("identical"), meaning that they develop from one zygote that splits and forms two embryos, or dizygotic ("fraternal") because they develop from two separate eggs that are fertilized by two separate sperm. In contrast, a fetus which develops alone in the womb is called a singleton, and the general term for one offspring of a multiple birth is multiple.
Child pornography refers to images or films (also known as child abuse images) and, in some cases, writings depicting sexually explicit activities involving a child. Abuse of the child occurs during the sexual acts which are recorded in the production of child pornography, and several professors of psychology state that memories of the abuse are maintained as long as visual records exist, are accessed, and are "exploited perversely.
Child pornographyCrimesAbuseChild pornographySex crimes
For orphaned articles in Wikipedia, see For other uses, see Title=Orphan;ns=0/Main/;language:wiki=en,locale=en (disambiguation). An orphan is a child permanently bereaved of or abandoned by his or her parents. In common usage, only a child (or the young of an animal) who has lost both parents is called an orphan. However, adults can also be referred to as orphans, or "adult orphans".
OrphanHuman developmentChildren and deathGreek loanwordsAdoption, fostering, orphan care and displacementChild welfareFamilyAftermath of war
Brazilians are all people born in Brazil. A Brazilian can be also a person born abroad to a Brazilian parent or a foreigner living in Brazil who applied for Brazilian citizenship.
Brazilian peopleBrazilian peopleEthnic groups in Brazil
The autism spectrum or autistic spectrum describes a range of conditions classified as pervasive developmental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Pervasive developmental disorders include autism, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), childhood disintegrative disorder, and Rett syndrome, although usually only the first three conditions are considered part of the autism spectrum.
Autism spectrumPsychiatric diagnosisLearning disabilitiesDevelopmental neuroscienceDevelopmental psychologyAutism
The Lebanese people are a nation and ethnic group of Levantine people originating in what is today the country of Lebanon, including those who had inhabited Mount Lebanon prior to the creation of the modern Lebanese state. The cultural and linguistic heritage of the Lebanese people is a rich blend of both indigenous elements and the foreign cultures that have come to rule the land and its people over the course of thousands of years.
Lebanese peopleLebanese peopleFertile Crescent
In England and Wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment. The earliest known use of the term dates from 1631, in an account by the mayor of Abingdon reporting that "wee haue erected wthn our borough a workehouse to sett poore people to worke".
WorkhousePoverty in the United KingdomPoor LawEnglish lawsBritish lawsLaw in the United Kingdom
Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a person to contribute to conception. Infertility may also refer to the state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological causes of infertility, some which may be bypassed with medical intervention. Women who are fertile experience a natural period of fertility before and during ovulation, and they are naturally infertile during the rest of the menstrual cycle.
Human sacrifice is the act of killing one or more human beings as part of a religious ritual (ritual killing). Its typology closely parallels the various practices of ritual slaughter of animals and of religious sacrifice in general. Human sacrifice has been practised in various cultures throughout history.
Human sacrificeHomicideCrimes involving Satanism or the occultHuman sacrificeSuperstitionsReligious behaviour and experienceViolenceMythemes
Fertility is the natural capability of producing offsprings. As a measure, "fertility rate" is the number of children born per couple, person or population. Fertility differs from fecundity, which is defined as the potential for reproduction (influenced by gamete production, fertilisation and carrying a pregnancy to term). A lack of fecundity would be called sterility.
Foster care is the term used for a system in which a minor who has been made a ward is placed in the private home of a state certified caregiver referred to as a "foster parent". The state via the family court and child protection agency stand in loco parentis to the minor, making all legal decisions while the foster parent is responsible for the day-to-day care of said minor. The foster parent is remunerated by the state for their services.
Foster careAdoption forms and related practicesFamilyFoster careAdoption, fostering, orphan care and displacement
Married... with Children
Married... with Children is an American sitcom that aired for 11 seasons that featured a dysfunctional family living in a fictional Chicago, Illinois suburb. The show, notable for being the first prime time television series to air on Fox, ran from April 5, 1987, to June 9, 1997. The series was created by Michael G. Moye and Ron Leavitt.
Married... with Children1997 American television series endingsFox network shows1987 American television series debutsTelevision series by Sony Pictures TelevisionTelevision series about dysfunctional families1980s American comedy television seriesAmerican television sitcoms1990s American comedy television seriesTelevision shows set in Chicago, IllinoisEnglish-language television series
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of systematic psychological changes, emotional changes, and perception changes that occur in human beings over the course of their life span. Originally concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence, adult development, aging, and the entire life span.
Developmental psychologyDevelopmental psychologyBranches of psychologyBehavioural sciences
In the field of public health, infant mortality is a commonly used statistical measure that is defined as the ratio of infant deaths to live births. Traditionally, the most common cause worldwide was dehydration from diarrhea, however a variety of programs combating this problem have decreased the rate of children dying from dehydration. As a result, the most common cause is now pneumonia.
Infant mortalityPublic healthChildren and deathPopulationInfancyDemography
In law, a minor is a person under a certain age — the age of majority — which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood; the age depends upon jurisdiction and application, but is typically 18. "Minor" may also be used in contexts not connected to the overall age of majority; for example, the drinking age in the United States is 21, and people below this age are sometimes referred to as "minors" even if 18.
Minor (law)ChildhoodJuvenile lawAgeism
The City of Baguio is a highly urbanized city located in northern Luzon island in the Philippines. The city has become the center of business and commerce as well as the center of education in the entire Northern Luzon thereby becoming the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region(C.A.R.). According to the 2007 census, Baguio City has a population of 301,926. Baguio City was established by Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway.
BaguioCities in the PhilippinesBaguio
Developmental disability is a term used in the United States and Canada to describe lifelong disabilities attributable to mental or physical impairments, manifested prior to age 18. It is not synonymous with "developmental delay" which is often a consequence of a temporary illness or trauma during childhood.
Developmental disabilityDisabilityPsychiatric diagnosisDevelopmental disabilitiesSpecial educationDevelopmental psychiatry
A nursery school is a school for children between the ages of one and five years, staffed by suitably qualified and other professionals who encourage and supervise educational play rather than simply providing childcare. It is a pre-school education institution, part of early childhood education. Nursery in England is also called FS1 which is the first year of foundation before they go into primary or infants.
Nursery schoolEducational stagesSchool terminologyEducational yearsChild careSchool typesEarly childhood education
An arranged marriage has its deep roots in royal and aristocratic families around the world. Today, arranged marriage is largely practiced in South Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia and East Asia to some extent. Other groups that practice this custom include the Unification Church and Hasidic Judaism. It should not be confused with the practice of forced marriage.
Arranged marriageArranged marriage
Aggression, in its broadest sense, is behavior, or a disposition, that is forceful, hostile or attacking. It may occur either in retaliation or without provocation. In narrower definitions that are used in social sciences and behavioral sciences, aggression is an intention to cause harm or an act intended to increase relative social dominance. Predatory or defensive behavior between members of different species may not be considered aggression in the same sense.
AggressionAggressionDispute resolutionProblem behavior
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay PC (25 October 1800 – 28 December 1859) was a British poet, historian and Whig politician. He wrote extensively as an essayist and reviewer, and on British history. He also held political office as Secretary at War between 1839 and 1841 and Paymaster-General between 1846 and 1848.
Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron MacaulayBritish AnglicansMembers of the United Kingdom Parliament for Scottish constituenciesBritish historiansAdministrators in British IndiaBurials at Westminster AbbeyHistorians of EnglandAnglo-ScotsMembers of the Privy Council of the United KingdomBritish abolitionistsUK MPs 1841–18471859 deathsRecipients of the Pour le Mérite (civil class)1800 birthsNational Portrait Gallery, LondonUK MPs 1831–1832Alumni of Trinity College, CambridgeUK MPs 1852–1857UK MPs 1830–1831British poetsWhig (British political party) MPsRectors of the University of GlasgowMembers of the United Kingdom Parliament for English constituenciesMacaulay family of LewisUK MPs 1832–1835UK MPs 1837–1841Corresponding Members of the St Petersburg Academy of SciencesBarons in the Peerage of the United KingdomFellows of the Royal Society
Asclepius is the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion. Asclepius represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation), Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness), Aceso (the goddess of the healing process), Aglæa/Ægle (the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment), and Panacea (the goddess of universal remedy).
AsclepiusOffspring of ApolloGreek godsGreek mythological hero cultGreek mythologyAsclepiusHistory of medicine
Tree (data structure)
In computer science, a tree is a widely used data structure that simulates a hierarchical tree structure with a set of linked nodes. Mathematically, it is an ordered directed tree, more specifically an arborescence: an acyclic connected graph where each node has zero or more children nodes and at most one parent node. Furthermore, the children of each node have a specific order.
Tree (data structure)Trees (data structures)Knowledge representation
Child care (or "childcare", "child minding", "babycare", or "daycare" "preschool") means caring for and supervising child/children usually from 0–13 years of age. Child care is a broad topic covering a wide spectrum of contexts, activities, social and cultural conventions, and institutions. The majority of child care institutions that are available require that child care providers have extensive training in first aid and are CPR certified.
Child careChild careHome economics
List of youth organizations
Contents: Top 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Main article: Youth The following is a List of youth organizations. Most organizations are international unless noted otherwise.
List of youth organizationsLists of organizationsYouth organizations by countryYouth model governmentsJewish youth organizationsYouth empowerment organizations
© 4Internet LLC, 2016 - All Rights Reserved.